Its solid scientific basis has been important for the success of the convention in the fight against air pollution. This was created through the development of a common knowledge base, including a scientific infrastructure for joint monitoring and modelling programmes, including an extensive international network of scientists from different disciplines. In addition, the Convention has provided scientists and policy makers with a platform for the exchange of information that has led to innovative approaches. Create mutual trust and mutual learning. Within the framework of the United Nations Environment Programme, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, adopted on 22 May 2001, also provides a complementary international framework that is important for air quality in the EU. This scientific innovation has increased the state`s ability to develop pollution reductions at a lower cost and with more flexibility. It has also provided states with optimized plans that they can use in their negotiations and has facilitated the possibility of obtaining political and private support for emission reduction strategies. In view of the success of this agreement, closer cooperation with the Executive Body of the Convention at UNECE could help other regions and third countries to implement these lessons and to give impetus to action in several legal forums. Following the 40th anniversary of the Convention, the Executive Body established a forum for cooperation in the reduction of air pollution. Representatives of the Convention have also joined other international and regional agreements and organizations, such as the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the Minamata Convention on Mercury, the Arctic Assessment and Monitoring Programme, regional maritime conventions such as HELCOM and OSPAR and the Climate and Clean Air Coalition on the intersectionality of air pollution and other environmental challenges such as climate change and biodiversity loss and diversity.
Many consider the Convention to be one of the most successful ways of facilitating international environmental cooperation. The agreement provides for scientific coordination under the guidance of the European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP).
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